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Mathematics  2002 

The asymptotic behaviour of Heegaard genus

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Abstract:

Let M be a closed orientable 3-manifold with a negatively curved Riemannian metric. Let {M_i} be a collection of finite regular covers with degree d_i. (1) If the Heegaard genus of M_i grows more slowly than the square root of d_i, then M_i has positive first Betti number for all sufficiently large i. (2) The strong Heegaard genus of M_i cannot grow more slowly than the square root of d_i. (3) If the Heegaard genus of M_i grows more slowly than the fourth root of d_i, then M_i fibres over the circle for all sufficiently large i. These results provide supporting evidence for the Heegaard gradient conjecture and the strong Heegaard gradient conjecture. As a corollary to (3), we give a necessary and sufficient condition for M to be virtually fibred in terms of the Heegaard genus of its finite covers.

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