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Physics  2014 

Cooperative robustness to dephasing: single-exciton Superradiance in a nanoscale ring to model natural light-harvesting systems

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.085142

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Abstract:

We analyze a 1-d ring structure composed of many two-levels systems, in the limit where only one excitation is present. The two-levels systems are coupled to a common environment, where the excitation can be lost, which induces super and subradiant behavior. Moreover, each two-levels system is coupled to another independent environment, modeled by a classical white noise, simulating a dephasing bath and described by the Haken-Strobl master equation. Single exciton Superradiance, an example of cooperative quantum coherent effect, is destroyed at a critical dephasing strength proportional to the system size, showing robustness of cooperativity to the action of the dephasing environment. We also show that the coupling to a common decay channel contrasts the action of dephasing, driving the entanglement decay to slow down on increasing the system size. Moreover, after a projective measurement which finds the excitation in the system, the entanglement reaches a stationary value, independent of the initial conditions.

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