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Physics  2001 

Clustering Properties of Galaxies at z~4 in the Subaru/XMM Deep Survey Field

DOI: 10.1086/323598

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We study the clustering properties of about 1200 z~4 Lyman Break Galaxy (LBG) candidates with i'<26 which are selected by color from deep BRi' imaging data of a 618 arcmin^2 area in the Subaru/XMM-Newton Deep Field taken with Subaru Prime Focus Camera. The contamination and completeness of our LBG sample are evaluated, on the basis of the Hubble Deep Field North (HDFN) objects, to be 17% and 45%, respectively. We derive the angular correlation function over theta = 2''-1000'', and find that it is fitted fairly well by a power law, omega(theta)=A_omega theta^{-0.8}, with A_omega = 0.71 +/- 0.26. We then calculate the correlation length r0 (in comoving units) of the two-point spatial correlation function xi(r) = (r/r0)^{-1.8} from A_omega using the redshift distribution of LBGs derived from the HDFN, and find r0=2.7 (+0.5/-0.6) h^{-1} Mpc in a Lambda-dominated universe (Omega_m=0.3 and Omega_Lambda=0.7). This is twice larger than the correlation length of the dark matter at z~4 predicted from an analytic model by Peacock & Dodds but about twice smaller than that of bright galaxies predicted by a semi-analytic model of Baugh et al. We find an excess of omega(theta) on small scales (theta < 5'') departing from the power law fit over 3 sigma significance levels. Interpreting this as due to galaxy mergers, we estimate the fraction of galaxies undergoing mergers in our LBG sample to be 3.0 +/- 0.9%, which is significantly smaller than those of galaxies at intermediate redshifts.


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