This is a book chapter soon to appear (2002) in the "Handbook for Numerical Analysis" volume dedicated to "Computational Chemistry" edited by Claude Le Bris. The series editors are P.G. Ciarlet and J. L. Lions. [North Holland/Elservier]. This review deals with some of the methods known under the umbrella term quantum Monte Carlo (QMC), specifically those that have been most commonly used for electronic structure.