We present a review on recent progress in staggered chiral perturbation theory (SChPT). In the last decade, the scope of the application of SChPT has been extended beyond the level of calibration into the region of prediction with high precision. SChPT becomes an essential tool to do the data analysis reliably for physical observables calculated using improved staggered fermions. Here, we focus on the following examples: pion spectrum, pion decay constants, $\varepsilon_K$, and $\pi-\pi$ scattering amplitudes. In each subject, we review the recent progress and future prospects.