全部 标题 作者
关键词 摘要


Epistemological Reasons for Lack of Science in Ancient China

DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.39023, PP. 167-171

Keywords: Epistemology, Scientific Development, Reasoning, Truth-Seeking, Ethic-Oriented, Truth-Oriented

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to identify the epistemological reasons for lack of science in ancient China. The study reveals a striking contrast between China and the West in terms of epistemologies concerning scientific development. In the beginning, the term “science” is defined through some illustrations which can help illuminate its essential features. Then, the study distinguishes the differences between Chinese and Western epistemologies about scientific development. The differences lie mainly in four aspects—distinct patterns of research methodology, reasoning and truth-seeking, and dissimilar understanding of the relationship between man and nature. Through discussion on each aspect, the elements which scientific development requires while Chinese were lacking in are diagnosed. A lot of typical examples, including ancient Greek and Chinese philosophies, modern Western scientists, and “subject-object dichotomy” vs. “man being an integral part of nature” offer convincing data for the study.

References

[1]  Xu, Z.J. (2004) Ancient Chinese Philosophers on Methods of Inquiry.
http://140.120.36.28/t/english01.htm
[2]  Lin, Y.T. (2000) My Country and My People. Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press, Beijing.
[3]  Glossary of Terminology (2004) http://www.coris.noaa.gov/glossary/glossary_l_z.html#s
[4]  Glossary of Terms (2004) http://www.geog.ouc.bc.ca/physgeog/physgeoglos/s.html
[5]  http://www.sasked.gov.sk.ca/docs/chemistry/mission2mars/contents/glossary/s.htm
[6]  (2006) Appendix A: Glossary of Terms. http://www.tomgraves.com.au/index.php
[7]  Zhu, L.Y. and Wang, Z.F. (1998) Man Being an Integral Part of Nature—The Spirit of Chinese Aesthetic Culture. Shanghai Literature and Art Press, Shanghai.
[8]  Hao, H.Z. (1997) Comprehension of Chinese People. Liaoning People’s Press, Shenyang.
[9]  Chang, C. (1960) Chinese Intuitionism: A Reply to Feigl on Intuition. Philosophy East & West, University of Hawaii Press, Hawaii, 35-49. http://ccbs.ntu.edu.tw/FULLTEXT/JR-PHIL/ew27130.htm

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus