The study area is located in the
Zagros Simply Folded Belt of Iran and in the interior Fars sub-basin (175 km
from Persian Gulf). The Zagros fold-thrust belt is home to one of the largest
petroleum producing reservoirs in the world. Structures in this area have
complications and the study anticline has unique structures in the Fars region.
In the study area, the Kuh-e Qazi anticline due to special fold style and
rotation toward Northeast is the unique structure between anticlines of the
Zagros belt. This anticline is fault bend fold and plunge of the anticline in
eastern part rotated toward Northeast along with the Nezamabad fault trend. In
this area, the Kuh-e Qazi anticline has asymmetric structures and some faults
such as the Nezamabad and the Sarvestan strike slip fault effect on this
anticline. The geometry of anticlines in the Zagros fold-thrust belt is
affected by the type of deformation and mechanical behavior of stratigraphic
units specially detachment units. The purpose of this research is to determine
of folding pattern of the Kuh-e Qazi anticline and define structural features
affected on them in the study area. This paper presents a part of the results
of a regional study of the Fars province in the Zagros Simply Folded Belt,
based on original fieldwork, satellite images, structural sections, geological
maps and well data. Also, we use some software as Global Mapper and Tectonics
FP for preparing some data.？Based on the research, which have been done,
the boundary between ductile and frictional substrates causes rotation as a
result of lateral, along-strike migration of the ductile substrate. The ductile
or viscose layer in the study area is Hormuz Series. Due to lack or thinning of
Hormuz salt over the Gavbandi basement high and in the eastern side of the
Nezamabad basement fault, causes translation of strain and anticlockwise
rotation in Southeast of the Kuh-e Qazi anticline toward Northwest unlike
foreland basin due to the Nezamabad fault activity. This style between all of
the anticlines in the study area is unique that rotates unlike foreland basin.
In addition, influence on anticlockwise rotation, extensional stress has been
created and then salt dome cropping out in Southeast of the Kuh-Qazi anticline.
One of the best evidence for effect of extensional stress is triangular facets
in this part of the study anticline. Based on folding analysis (geometry of
axial plane and fold orientation), it is clearly confirmed that the translation
of strain and anticlockwise rotation in Southeast of the Kuh-e Qazi anticline
Beydoun, Z.R., Hughes Clark, M.W. and Stoneley, R. (1992) Petroleum in the Zagros Basin; a Late Tertiary Foreland Basin Overprinted onto the Outer Edge of a Vast Hydrocarbon-Rich Palaeozoic-Mesozoic Passive Margin Shelf. Vol. 55, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Memoir, 309-339.
Burberry, C.M., Cosgrove, J.W. and Liu, J.-G. (2008) Spatial Arrangement of Fold Types in the Zagros Simply Folded Belt, Iran. Indicated by Landform Morphology and Drainage Pattern Characteristics. Journal of Maps, 4, 417-430.
Falcon, N. (1974) Southern Iran: Zagros Mountains. In: Spencer, A., Ed., Mesozoic-Cenozoic Orogenic Belts, Vol. 4, Geological Society of London, Special Publications, 199-211. http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/gsl.sp.2005.004.01.11
Letouzey, J. and Sherkati, S. (2004) Salt Movement, Tectonic Events, and Structural Style in the Central Zagros Fold and Thrust Belt (Iran). 24th Annual Gulf Coast Section SEPM Foundation, Interactions and Bob F. Perkins Research Conference on Salt Sediments Hydrocarbon Prospectivity, Houston, 5-8 December 2004, 535-554.
Sherkati. S., Molinaro, M., de Lamotte, D.F. and Lettouzey, J. (2005) Detachment Folding in the Central Eastern Zagros Fold-Belt (Iran): Salt Mobility, Multiple Detachments and Late Basement Control. Journal of Structural Geology, 27, 1680-1696. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2005.05.010
Barzegar, F. (1994) Basement Fault Mapping of Zagros Folded Belt (S. W. Iran) Based on Space-Born Remotely Sensed Data. Proceeding of the 10th Thematic Conference on Geologic Remote Sensing: Exploration, Environment and Engineering, San Antonio, 9-12 May 1994, 455-466.
McQuillan, H. (1991) The Role of Basement Tectonics in the Control of Sedimentary Facies, Structural Patterns and Salt Plug Emplacements in the Zagros Fold Belt of Southwest Iran. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 5, 453-463. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0743-9547(91)90061-2
Talbot, C.J. and Alavi, M. (1996) The Past of a Future Syntaxis across the Zagros. In: Alsop, G.I., Blundell, D.J. and Davison, I., Eds., Salt Tectonics, Vol. 100, Special Publications, Geological Society, London, 89-109.
Ghanavati, D. (2009) Geometry of Folding Style Analysis in the Coastal Fars and Effects of the Nezamabad Fault in the Structures Region. Ph.D Thesis of Structural Geology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch of Tehran, Tehran, 200.
Yassaghi, A. (2006) Integration of Landsat Imagery Interpretation and Geomagnetic Data on Verification of Deep-Seated transverse Fault Lineaments in SE Zagros. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 27, 1-16.
Letouzey, J. (2005) Detachment Folding in the Central Eastern Zagros fold-Belt (Iran): Salt Mobility, Multiple Detachments and Late Basement Control. Journal of Structural Geology, 27, 1680-1696.
Maleki, Z., Arian, M., Solgi, A. and Ganjavian, MA. (2013) Sediment Deformations on Strike Slip Fault Blocks and Analogue Modeling: A Case Study of the Nezamabad Fault, Interior Fars, Zagros. Journal of Sciences (Islamic Azad University), 89, 39-51. (In Persian)