The use of the
extraordinary hydroelectric potential of the Amazon Basin originated an
increase in the offer of renewable energy in Brazil, which, in its turn, leads
to conflicts and a lack of consensus among different players owing to the
potential negative impacts related to the construction and operation of large
hydroelectric power plants in relatively well preserved areas. In this context,
environmental licensing is one of the national environmental policy’s main
instruments for making decisions regarding the use of the hydroelectric potential,
especially the rivers of the Amazon Basin. Nevertheless, this significant
instrument has its limitations and requires adjustments in order to better aid
the decision making process regarding the use of water resources and land with
the goal of increasing the offer of electric energy.
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Faria, I.D. (2011) Ambiente e Energia: Cren?a e Ciência no Licenciamento Ambiental; Parte III: Sobre alguns dos problemas que dificultam o licenciamento ambiental no Brasil. Núcleo de estudos e pesquisas do senado. Brasília, 33 p.
Lima, L.H. and Magrini, A. (2010) The Brazilian Audit Tribunal’s Role in Improving the Federal Environmental Licensing Process. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 30, 108-115. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eiar.2009.08.005