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Quali-Quantitative Analysis of Brazilian Environmental Licensing of Hydropower Plants

DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2015.67056, PP. 692-704

Keywords: Expansion of Renewable Energy, Environmental Licensing, Hydropower Plants, Energy

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Abstract:

The use of the extraordinary hydroelectric potential of the Amazon Basin originated an increase in the offer of renewable energy in Brazil, which, in its turn, leads to conflicts and a lack of consensus among different players owing to the potential negative impacts related to the construction and operation of large hydroelectric power plants in relatively well preserved areas. In this context, environmental licensing is one of the national environmental policy’s main instruments for making decisions regarding the use of the hydroelectric potential, especially the rivers of the Amazon Basin. Nevertheless, this significant instrument has its limitations and requires adjustments in order to better aid the decision making process regarding the use of water resources and land with the goal of increasing the offer of electric energy.

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