全部 标题 作者
关键词 摘要


水资源承载力分析研究——以云南昌宁县为例
The Analysis of the Water Resources Carrying Capacity of Changning County

DOI: 10.12677/OJSWC.2015.32006, PP. 36-46

Keywords: 水资源承载力,昌宁县,层次分析法
Water Resources Carrying Capacity
, Changning County, Analytic Hierarchy Process

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

水是人们生存必不可少的资源,是生产与生活的基础,但水资源短缺,时间、空间分布不均,利用率低,已成为制约各地经济可持续发展的重要因素之一。本文所选研究区域——昌宁县正处于经济快速发展时期,水资源承载力将会影响其发展,文章综合文献分析和实际调研数据,运用科学的方法进行水资源的承载力分析,结果表明:昌宁县水资源承载力目前与社会经济的发展相适应,但远期将会有所不足,因而要求协调人与自然的矛盾,促进昌宁县的可持续发展。
Water is an essential resource for human existence. It is also the basis of production and living. However the water resource is unbalanced both in time and space and used in low rate, which has become very important factors to restrict the sustainable development in each district at present. The selected research area—Changning County is in a period of rapid economic development, and the water resources carrying capacity will affect the development. The article summarizes the other titles and applies the actual survey data to analyze the water resources carrying capacity. It shows that the water resources carrying capacity in Changning County is adapting to the present economic and social development, but will be insufficient in long term. So it should coordinate the relationship between human and nature to promote the sustainable development of Changning County.

References

[1]  UNESCO & FAO (1985) Carring capacity assessment with a pilot study of Kenya: A resource accounting methodology for sustainable Development. Paris and Rome.
[2]  Joeres, E.F., Seus, J. and Engelman, H.M. (1981) The linear decision rule reservoir problem with correlated inflow: 1, model development. Water Resources Research, 17, 18-24.
[3]  Kang, P. and Xu, L.Y. (2002) National research council review of the Florida keys carring capacity study. National Academy Press, Washington DC.
[4]  Harris Jonathan, M., et al. (1999) Carring capacity in agriculture globle and regional issue. Ecological Economics, 129, 443-461.
[5]  Hrlich, A.H. (1996) Looking for the ceiling: Estimates of the earth’s carring capacity. American Scient, Research Triangle Park, 84, 494-449.
[6]  张丽, 董增川 (2002) 流域水资源承载能力浅析. 中国水利, 10, 58-64.
[7]  施雅风, 曲耀 (1992) 乌鲁木齐河流域水资源承载力及其合理利用.科学出版社, 北京.
[8]  惠泱河, 蒋晓辉, 黄强, 等 (2001) 水资源承载力评价指标体系研究. 水土保持通报, 1, 30-34.
[9]  (2005) 水资源承载力:度量水资源安全的技术探索. 中国水利报, 17, 23-36.
[10]  刘佳骏, 董锁成 (2011) 中国水资源承载力综合评价研究. 自然资源学报, 2, 264-265.
[11]  焦振峰 (2004) 论水资源承载能力. 河南水利, 10, 251-274.
[12]  马安成, 晏桂娥 (2007) 苏州可持续发展的一个严峻问题. 自然资源学报, 5, 134-139.

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus