Capillary Leak Syndrome (CLS) in patients with severe course of disease is more and more common, and the clinical manifestations of CLS include systemic edema, hypoproteinemia, effective circulating blood volume reduction and hemoconcentration. The common pathogenies are sepsis, severe trauma, cardiopulmonary bypass and so on. Clinically, CLS is usually divided into leakage period and recovery period, with different pathophysiologic process, clinical manifestation and treatment in different period respectively. Although there are more treatments, they are not effective treatment measures. There have been so many studies about improvement of endothelial function, macromolecular colloid liquid applications, and continuous blood purification treatment. Systematic understanding of the pathological mechanism, clinical manifestations and staging, diagnosis and treatment of the CLS has a guiding value.
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