One of the most
interesting salt structures is salt-tongue canopy. The Central Iran basin has a
few salt provinces and in this paper, morphotectonic concept of the salt-tongue
canopy on the west of Garmsar city has been investigated. In this study, field
data coupling with the salt tectonic-related factors to provide a position for
salt rocks in the west Garmsar. Firstly, various geological factors such as
faults, folds and roads were extracted and compiled. This is because the
factors mentioned above play important role in the instability of the region.
The results of this study showed that the salt extrusion from the Lower Red
formation is severe. Further, it is evident that the shortening of main
structures has had a great impact on it whilst the salt movements have occurred
within Garmsar Syncline. Finally, the paper concluded that the salt-tongue
canopy in the region has increased the rates of salt extrusion.
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Arian, M., Maleki, Z. and Noroozpour, H. (2011) Cenozoic Diastrophism and Deformational Events in the East-Central Alborz. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research Faculty of Earth Sciences, 1, 2394-2400.
Khavari, R., Arian, M. and Ghorashi, M. (2009) Neotectonics of the South Central Alborz Drainage Basin, in NW Tehran, N Iran. Journal of Applied Sciences, 9, 4115-4126. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jas.2009.4115.4126
Bagha, N., Arian, M., Ghorashi, M., Pourkermani, M., El Hamdouni, R. and Solgi, A. (2014) Evaluation of Relative Tectonic Activity in the Tehran Basin, Central Alborz, Northern Iran. Geomorphology, 213, 66-87.
Arian, M. and Feizi, F. (2005) Application of Geomorphic Indices to the Assessment of Relative Tectonic Activity Levels in the Alborz—Central Iran Border Zone (from the East of Varamin to the East of Semnan). Journal of Sciences (Islamic Azad University), 15, 378-403.
Arian, M., Pourkermani, M., Sistanipour, A. and Noroozpour, H. (2011) Kinematic Significance of Fold- and Fault-Related Fracture Systems in the Rafsanjan’s Northeast Highlands (Central Iran). Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 1, 3398-3406.