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A Comprehensive Analysis of Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicles to Commercial Campus (V2C)

DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2015.31003, PP. 24-36

Keywords: Electric Vehicles, Power Distribution, Economic Analysis, Vehicle to Building (V2B), Battery Storage

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Abstract:

Vehicle to grid is an emerging technology that utilizes plug in hybrid electric vehicle batteries to benefit electric utilities during times when the vehicle is parked and connected to the electric grid. In its current form however, vehicle to grid implementation poses many challenges that may not be easily overcome and many existing studies neglect critical aspects such as battery cost or driving profiles. The goal of this research is to ease some of these challenges by examining a vehicle to grid scenario on a university campus, as an example of a commercial campus, based on time of use electricity rates. An analysis of this scenario is conducted on a vehicle battery as well as a stationary battery for comparison. It is found that vehicle to campus and a stationary battery both have the potential to prove economical based on battery cost and electricity rates.

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