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使用心率表团队管理系统对姬建华比赛心率变化特点的分析
Analysis of Ji Jianhua’s Heart Rate Variation Characteristics in Game Using the Heart Rate Control Teamwork Management System

DOI: 10.12677/APS.2014.24007, PP. 37-45

Keywords: 山地自行车,冠军赛,姬建华,心率,分析
Mountain Bike
, Championships, Ji Jianhua, Heart Rate, Analysis

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Abstract:

目的:探索山地自行车运动员赛前训练和比赛的理想模式。方法:使用芬兰博能(Polar)心率表团队管理系统对姬建华黄山站比赛的部分数据进行了跟踪测试与分析。结果:1) 第1圈用时16'36\",平均HR165 b/min,最高HR182 b/min;2) 第2圈用时16'17\",平均HR173 b/min,最高HR183 b/min;3) 第3圈用时17'11\",平均HR173 b/min,最高HR181 b/min;4) 第4圈用时16'04\",平均HR174 b/min,最高HR181 b/min;5) 第5圈用时15'48\",平均HR176 b/min,最高HR183 b/min;6) 第6圈用时15'48\",平均HR177 b/min,最高HR184 b/min。结论:1) 本次比赛6圈最高HR184 b/min,最低HR165 b/min,平均HR173 b/min;2) 本次比赛6圈总用时97'44\",最快1圈用时15'48\",最慢1圈用时17'11\";3) 山地自行车比赛线路复杂,对运动员的体能分配要求较高;4) 不同的比赛场地要执行不同的赛前训练模式。建议:1) 比什么练什么是山地自行车专项训练的依据;2) 加强乳酸转化能力的训练是提高其体能的必由之路;3) 赛前训练模式化是战术应用的基础;4) 适合自己的、独特的比赛节奏是取胜的关键。
Objective: To research the optimum mode of training and competition of mountain bike. Method: The essay did tracking test and analysis of competition data of Mr. Ji in Huangshan Mountain Bike Match by Finnish Polar heart rate control teamwork management system. Results: 1) lap 1: 16'36\", the average: HR165 b/min, the maximum: HR182 b/min; 2) lap 2: 16'17\", the average: HR173 b/min, the maximum: HR183 b/min; 3) lap 3: 17'11\", the average: HR173 b/min, the maximum: HR181 b/min; 4) lap 4: 16'04\", the average: HR174 b/min, the maximum: HR181 b/min; 5) lap 5: 15'48\", the average: HR176 b/min, the maximum: HR183 b/min; 6) lap 6: 15'48\", the average: HR177 b/min, the maximum: HR184 b/min. Conclusions: 1) In this competition, the maximum heart rate is 184 b/min; the minimum is HR165 b/min; the average is HR173 b/min; 2) The total time of this championships is 16'17\", of which the minimum per one circle is 15'48\", and the maximum per one circle is 17'11\"; 3) Mountain bike race line is complex, requiring rational phys-ical distribution of the athletes; 4) Different venues need different training modes. Proposal: 1) Game content is the base of mountain bike training; 2) The only way to enhance physical energy is improving the conversion capability of lactate; 3) The training mode before the game is the base of tactical applications; 4) The key to win is the distinctive competition rhythm which is suitable for one’s own.

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