Shanhaijing is one of the ancient books in the pre-Qin period, which records plants, animals, min-erals, medicines, astronomy, geography, history, religion, ethnic, tribe and so on. This paper mainly aims at researching antique appearing in Xishanjing and the discussion in ancient totem worship phenomenon. There is a close relationship between totem that appears in Xishanjing and the natural environment and living of the local people’s custom. This kind of phenomenon is ancestors’ understanding of the nature and nature worship. It reflects the concept of harmonious development of man and nature which still has great significance for the present society.