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以短暂暴露于邻苯二甲酸二丙酯(Dipropyl Phthalate)之淡水多齿新米虾(Neocaridina denticulata)建立生态毒理基因组生物标志物
Development of Ecotoxicogenomic Biomarkers on the Freshwater Shrimp (Neocaridina denticulate) Following Short-Term Exposure to Dipropyl Phthalate

DOI: 10.12677/IJE.2013.24007, PP. 38-49

Keywords: 邻苯二甲酸二丙酯(DPrP);内分泌干扰物质;多齿新米虾;水生甲壳类;差异表现基因; 抑制性扣减杂交法
Dipropyl Phthalate (Dprp)
, Endocrine Disrupting Chemical (EDC), Neocaridina denticulate, Aquatic Crustacean, Differential Gene Expression, Suppression Subtractive Hybridization (SSH)

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Abstract:

邻苯二甲酸酯类化合物(phthalate esters; PAEs)是广泛用于塑料制品之塑化剂和造成环境污染甚为可观的內分泌干擾物質。本研究以多齿新米虾(Neocaridina denticulata)暴露于次致死剂量(50 mg/L)之一種PAE——邻苯二甲酸二丙酯(dipropyl phthalate; DPrP)1天,利用抑制性扣减杂交法建立一套基因组指标,探讨其全面基因的表现变化。实验中共筛得71个独特的表达序列标签(expressed sequence tages; ESTs),包括23ESTs对应为已知功能基因及48ESTs为未知功能。根据生理功能,已知功能基因分别与9类相关,包括代谢、呼吸、防御、核糖体、染色体、转译、传讯、视觉与结构。虾子暴露于高浓度DPrP (50 mg/L)时,3个免疫及代谢相关的基因和3个未知功能基因,共6个基因的mRNA表现量明显下降。暴露于非致死剂量1.0 mg/L时,共8个基因受到影响,包括正调节的4个已知功能和1个未知功能基因,以及3未知功能基因被负调控。虾子暴露于更低剂量0.5 mg/L
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