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练习对大脑功能变化的影响及其意义
Practice Effect on the Changes of Brain Function and Its Implications

DOI: 10.12677/AP.2013.36051, PP. 340-345

Keywords: 大脑功能可塑性;练习;激活减少;激活增加;激活重组
Functional Plasticity
, Practice, Activation Decreases, Activation Increases, Reorganization of Activation

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Abstract:

近年来,大脑可塑性逐渐成为认知神经科学的一个重要研究方向。大脑可塑性分为结构可塑和功能可塑。本文介绍了练习引起的大脑功能激活的变化模式,分别是激活增加、激活减少以及激活的功能性重组,并分析了其影响因素,最后主要探讨了练习引起的大脑可塑性在临床上的治疗意义和教育实践意义。
 In recent years, brain plasticity in cognitive neuroscience has become an important research direction. There are structural and functional plasticity. This paper introduces patterns of experience-induced functional plasticity in brain and their determining factors. There are three patterns, including activation decreases, activation increases and reorganization of activation. Finally, the clinical and educational significance in brain plasticity after practice is mainly concluded.

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