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内蒙古呼包鄂地区生态文明建设评价研究
Evaluation of the Ecological Civilization Construction of HuBaoE Area in Inner Mongolia

DOI: 10.12677/GSER.2013.23009, PP. 72-81

Keywords: 呼包鄂地区;生态文明建设;综合指数;时空变化;评价
HuBaoE Area
, Ecological Civilization Construction, Comprehensive Index, Spatial-Temporal Change, Assessment

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Abstract:

正确判断区域生态文明建设水平及其演进特征,对缓解生态危机、推进生态文明建设具有重要意义。基于生态文明建设的内涵与目标,本文构建了生态文明建设综合评价指标体系、标准与模型,运用熵技术支持下的层次分析与灰色关联方法,对1990~2010年间内蒙古呼包鄂地区生态文明建设水平及其时空变化进行了测度与分析。结果表明:1990年以来呼包鄂地区生态文明建设水平不断提高,现已进入生态文明建设的中级阶段;研究时段内呼包鄂地区生态文明建设具有阶段性特征,2000年以来开始步入加速发展时期,近年来生态文明建设状况优于全区平均水平。但研究区生态文明建设水平及其发展速度具有区域差异,生态文明建设各分量指数的发展趋势亦不尽相同,其中以呼和浩特市生态文明建设的总体水平较好,包头市生态文明建设发展速度较快;生态环境、生态保障与生态经济指数显著提高,而生态社会与生态文化建设水平相对较低且发展缓慢。
Correct judgement of regional ecological civilization construction stage and its evolution charac- teristics has an important significance to alleviate the ecological crisis and to accelerate the ecological civili- zation construction. Based on the concept and objective of ecological civilization construction, this paper constructs a comprehensive evaluation index system, standard and assessment model of ecological civiliza- tion construction. Using the Analytical Hierarchy Process based on the entropy technical support and the grey correlation method, the paper calculates and analyzes the ecological civilization construction level and the spatial-temporal change of HuBaoE area in Inner Mongolia during 1990-2010. The results show: The eco- logical civilization construction level of HuBaoE area has risen ceaselessly since 1990, and it has entered the middle stage of ecological civilization construction. The development speed of ecological civilization con- struction had stage characteristics during the study period and it has entered the period of accelerated devel- opment since 2000. In recent years, the ecological civilization construction level of HuBaoE area is superior to the average level of Inner Mongolia. But there are regional differences of the ecological civilization con- struction level and its development speed among HuBaoE cities, and the development trend of each compo- nent index were not the same. The overall level of the ecological civilization construction is better in Hohhot city, the development speed of ecological civilization construction is faster in Baotou city. Ecological envi- ronment, ecological security and ecological economic index improved significantly during the study period, while ecological society and ecological culture construction level are relatively low and develop slowly.

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