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北京佛教慈善组织与社会建设的关系探究
The Buddhist Charitable Organizations and Social Construction Relationship

DOI: 10.12677/ASS.2013.22007, PP. 35-44

Keywords: 公民社会;公民社会组织;佛教慈善组织;北京仁爱慈善基金会
Civil Society
, Civil Society Organizations, Buddhist Charity Organization, Beijing “Ren Ai” Charity Foundation

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Abstract:

社会建设是当代中国现代化建设的主体内容之一,也是重点和难点内容之一。公民社会组织与社会建设的内在关联性目前已经在中国社会学界达成了一定程度的共识。中国民间慈善组织作为公民社会组织的一种形式,内涵着参与社会建设的必然性与必要性。中国民间慈善组织在发展服务社会的公共领域和拓展私人空间方面都发挥了积极的功能。在这些组织中,宗教类慈善公益组织是重要的组成部分,相对于世俗慈善公益组织而言,宗教慈善公益组织除具备一般的公益特性外,还有自己的独特性。以北京仁爱慈善基金会为例,通过对北京仁爱慈善基金会的个案研究,展示宗教慈善公益组织在社会建设方面的探索与实践,以探索北京佛教慈善组织与社会建设的关系,试图为上述必然性与必要性提供一定程度的佐证,以实际地推进社会建设的进程。从理论上看,这种探索对于宗教社会学和社会建设理论也有一定的创新作用。
Social construction is one of the major aspects of modernization construction in contemporary China, as well as one of the difficulties and focuses in this process. To some extent, the sociologists in China have reached a consensus about the internal connection between civil society organization and social con- struction. As a form of civil society organization, the civil charity organization in China embodies the necessity and inevitability of the participation in social construction. The civil charity organization in China plays an important role in the development of public areas of social service and the expansion of private space. Among these organizations, religious charity organization is an integral constituent. Compared with the secular charity organizations, religious organization has its peculiarity, apart from its ordinary cha- racteristics of public welfare. Take Beijing RenAi Charity Organization as an example. From the case study of this organization, the exploration and practice of religious charity organization in social construction are clearly presented. The connection between Beijing Buddhist charity organization and social construction is also explored, which aims to provide evidence to the necessity and inevitability mentioned above, and to practically promote social construction. Theoretically, this exploration has some creative significance to the sociology of religion and the theories of social construction.

References

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