Sirnak City and the surrounding areas are on steeper slopes. There are sliding large land masses or rocks. Underground water and harsh climatic conditions contain high risk hazard areas in urban living site with higher population density. In order to eliminate landslides and related events, significant precautions should be taken. The mapping of landslide risk may ease to take precautions. Even the application of landfill rock may reduce water content of soil. In this research, fly ash and Mine Waste shale stone were used with low density foam concrete. Waste mixture at certain proportions decreased cement use. Shale stone as fine aggregate instead of fly ash in specific proportions improved mechanical strength and porosity. Hence landslide hazardous area could be safer for urban living.
Langan, B.W., Weng, K. and Ward, M.A. (2002) Effect of Silica Fume and Fly Ash on Heat of Hydration of Portland Cement. Cement and Concrete Research, 32, 1045-1051.
Park, C.K., Noh, M.H. and Park, T.H. (2005) Rheological Properties of Cementitious Materials Containing Mineral Admixtures. Cement and Concrete Research, 35, 842-849. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2004.11.002
Chindaprasirt, P., Homwuttiwong, S. and Sirivivatnanon, V. (2004) Influence of Fly Ash Fineness on Strength, Drying Shrinkage and Sulfate Resistance of Blended Cement Mortar. Cement and Concrete Research, 34, 1087-1092. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2003.11.021
Hussin, M.W. and Awal, A.S.M.A. (1996) Palm Oil Fuel Ash—A Potential Pozzolanic Material in Concrete Construction. Proceedings of the International Conference on Urban Engineering in Asian Cities in the 21st Century, Bangkok, 20-23 November 1996, D361-D366.
Isaia, G.C., Gastaldini, A.L.G. and Moraes, R. (2003) Physical and Pozzolanic Action of Mineral Additions on the Mechanical Strength of High-Performance Concrete. Cement and Concrete Composites, 25, 69-76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0958-9465(01)00057-9
Kiattikomol, K., Jaturapitakkul, C., Songpiriyakij, S. and Chutubtim, S. (2001) Study of Ground Coarse Fly Ashes with Different Finenesses from Various Sources as Pozzolanic Materials. Cement and Concrete Composites, 23, 335-343. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0958-9465(01)00016-6
Kim, H.K., Jeon, J.H. and Lee, H.K. (2012) Workability, and Mechanical, Acoustic and Thermal Properties of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete with a High Volume of Entrained Air. Construction and Building Materials, 29, 193-200. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.08.067
Chen, X., Yan, Y., Liu, Y.Z. and Hu, Z.H. (2014) Utilization of Circulating Fluidized Bed Fly Ash for Preparation of Foam Concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 54, 137-146. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.12.020
Liu, M.Y.J., Alengram, U.J., Jumaat, M.Z. and Mo, K.H. (2014) Evaluation of Thermal Conductivity, Mechanical and Transport Properties of Lightweight Aggregate Foamed Geopolymer Concrete. Energy and Buildings, 72, 238-245.
Sata, V., Jaturapitakkul, C. and Kiattikomol, K. (2007) From Pozzolan of Influence on Mechanical Properties of Various By-Product Materials High-Strength Concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 1589-1598.
Demirbog, R., Orung, I. and Rose, R. (2001) Effects of Expanded Perlite Aggregate and Mineral Admixtures on the Compressive Strength of Low-Density Concretes. Cement and Concrete Research, 31, 1627-1632.
Görög, P. and Török, á. (2007) Slope Stability Assessment of Weathered Clay by Using Field Data and Computer Modeling: A Case Study from Budapest. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 7, 417-422. www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net
Sata, V., Jaturapitakkul, C. and Kiattikomol, K. (2007) Influence of Pozzolan from Various By-Product Materials on Mechanical Properties of High-Strength Concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 21, 1589-1598.