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Subdural Hematoma and Postdural Puncture Headache from Intrathecal Pump Placement Resolved with Lumbar Epidural Blood Patch

DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2014.49033, PP. 227-230

Keywords: Postdural Puncture Headache, Subdural Hematoma, Intrathecal Pump, Epidural Blood Patch

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Abstract:

Intrathecal drug delivery systems are commonly used in the management of chronic pain, cancer pain and neuromuscular disorders with muscle spasticity. The complications associated with in-trathecal pump placement include persistent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, hygroma, meningitis, and granuloma formation. A severe persistent CSF leak may cause postdural puncture headache along with acute intracranial subdural hematoma, which can be potentially life threatening. Surgical exploration with dural repair is required to treat this severe complication when conservative treatments fail. We present a case report of severe persistent CSF leak after intrathecal pump revision that resulted in a subdural hematoma and postdural puncture headache. In this case, an epidural blood patch was performed using epidural catheter under fluoroscopic guidance to target the site of CSF leak and to avoid damaging the intrathecal catheter. This patient’s headache was resolved and intrathecal catheter remained intact after this blood patch.

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