Municipal solid waste open dump site operation is an important element of
waste management in Nigeria, both today and in the future. Dump site fires are
common occurrences in the study area. The contribution of municipal
solid waste dump site fires to atmospheric pollution in the Niger Delta, Nigeria
has been assessed experimentally. Five (5) municipal solid waste dump sites
where fire incidence is a frequent and regular occurrence were chosen for the
study. At each of the identified municipal solid waste dump site, eight (8) air
quality monitoring parameters, suspended particulate matter (SPM10),
nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon
monoxide (CO), sulphur dioxide (SO2), methane (CH4),
ammonia (NH3) and Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) were determined
using a series of hand held air quality monitoring equipment. Results indicate
the levels of SPM ranged between 773 and 801 μg/m3 and the levels of
CO ranged between 133.7 and 141.6 ppm. The levels of CO
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Lemieux, P.M., Lutes, C.C. and Santoianni, D.A. (2004) Emissions of Organic Air Toxics from Open Burning: A Comprehensive Review. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 30, 1-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2003.08.001
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Akpokodje, E.G. (1987) The Engineering Geological Characteristics and Classification of the Major Superficial Soils of the Niger Delta. Engineering Geology, 23, 193-211. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0013-7952(87)90090-1
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Nammari, D.R., Hogland, W., Marques, M., Nimmermark, S. and Moutavtchi, V. (2004) Emissions from a Controlled Fire in Municipal Solid Waste Bales. Waste Management, 24, 9-18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2003.08.003
Bogner, J. and Spokas, K. (1996) Field Measurement of Methane and NMOC Emissions: Sources, Sinks and Implications for Emission Modelling. 19th Annual Landfill Gas Symposium, Research Triangle Park, 19-21 March 1996, 189-199.