Purpose: To determine the
clinical characteristics and outcome of bacterial meningitis in adult patients
using CT, MRI and CSF culture. Methods: Patients admitted to the university
hospital with clinical diagnosis of meningitis were included in the present
study. All patients were subjected to clinical examination as well as CT, MRI
scanning and CSF-bacteriological culture. Results: The age distribution of the
patients shows that there is high frequency of symptoms found in the age group
between ages 40 - 45. CSF in the present study included WBS, RBC, glucose and
protein, which is associated with the adverse outcome. Meningitis can be
confirmed by many methods, in the present study three different methods were
used, which included CT scan, MRI and CSF analysis and bacterial culture. In CT
scan, among the predictors of meningitis, persons with TB (P = 0.037), patients
with HIV (P = 0.036) and stroke (P = 0.036) showed significant association.
Whereas MRI findings were significantly associated with TB meningitis (P = 0.015).
Meningitis was prevalent in the age group of <45. Conclusion: This study
highlights the importance of several modalities for diagnosing and predicting
the outcome of meningitis in adults.
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