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Beneficiation and Characterization of Gold from Itagunmodi Gold Ore by Cyanidation

DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2014.24035, PP. 300-307

Keywords: Gold, Cyanidation, Itagunmodi Gold Ore, Cassava, Commercial Sodium Cyanide, Cyanide from Cassava

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Abstract:

This paper has reported the beneficiation and characterization of gold from Itagunmodi gold ore in Atakumosa West LGA in the State of Osun Nigeria using cyanide solution obtained from cassava and commercially available sodium cyanide analar grade. Cyanide solution extracted from cassava variety TMS 30572 leaves obtained from Obafemi Awolowo University (O.A.U) Research and Teaching Farm was discovered to have the highest free cyanide (CN-) among the ten different cassava varieties evaluated. The samples were exposed to varied concentrations from 0.25% to 2.00% CN at intervals of 0.25% CN from cyanide solution obtained from cassava and commercially available sodium cyanide analar grade. The result showed that after 24 hours of cyanidation and concentration of 2% CN- on 10 g gold ore concentrate, the analar grade sodium cyanide yielded 0.123 g of gold while the cassava based cyanide yielded 0.098 g. The cyanidation performance of analar grade sodium cyanide is greater than cassava based cyanide by a difference of 0.25%.

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