The difficulties in communicating climate change science to the general public are often highlighted as one of the hurdles for support of enhanced climate action. The advances of interactive visualization using information and communication technology (ICT) are claimed to be a game-changer in our ability to communicate complex issues. However, new analytical frameworks are warranted to analyse the role of such technologies. This paper develops a novel framework for analyzing the content, form, context and relevance of ICT-based visualization of climate change, based on insights from literature on climate change communication. Thereafter, we exemplify the analytical framework by applying it to a pilot case of ICT-based climate visualization in a GeoDome. Possibilities to use affordable advanced ICT-based visualization devices in science and policy communication are rapidly expanding. We thus see wider implications and applications of the analytical framework not only for other ICT environments but also other issue areas in sustainability communication.
Wolf, J.; Moser, S. Individual understandings, perceptions, and engagement with climate change: Insights from in-depth studies across the world. Wiley Interdiscip. Rev. Clim. Change 2011, 2, 547–569, doi:10.1002/wcc.120.
Sheppard, S.R.J.; Shaw, A.; Flanders, D.; Burch, S.; Wiek, A.; Carmichael, J.; Robinson, J.; Cohen, S. Future visioning of local climate change: A framework for community engagement and planning with scenarios and visualisation. Futures 2011, 43, 400–412, doi:10.1016/j.futures.2011.01.009.
Linnér, B.-O. Klimatpolitik och domedagsbasuner. In Apocalypse now—fakta, ideologi och domedags-scenarior i klimatf？r？ndringarnas k？lvatten. (in Swedish); Gustafsson-Lundberg, J., Liljefors Persson, B., Eds.; F？reningen l？rare i religionskunskap: Lomma, Sweden, 2008.
Nicholson-Cole, S.A. Representing climate change futures: A critique on the use of images for visual communication. Comput. Environ. Urban Syst. 2005, 29, 255–273, doi:10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2004.05.002.
O’Neill, S.; Nicholson-Cole, S. “Fear won’t do it”: Promoting positive engagement with climate change through visual and iconic representations. Sci. Commun. 2009, 30, 355–379, doi:10.1177/1075547008329201.
Budescu, D.; Broomell, S.; Por, H. Improving communication of uncertainty in the reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Psychol. Sci. 2009, 20, 299–308, doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02284.x.
Morton, T.A.; Rabinovich, A.; Marshall, D.; Bretschneider, P. The future that may (or may not) come: How framing changes responses to uncertainty in climate change communications. Glob. Environ. Change 2011, 21, 103–109, doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2010.09.013.
Wibeck, V.; Linnér, B.-O. Public understanding of uncertainties in climate science and policy. In Global Change Management: Knowledge Gaps, Blindspots and Unknowables; Ibisch, P., Cybulla, F., Geiger, L., Eds.; Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft: Baden-Baden, Germany, 2012.
Koteyko, N.; Thelwall, M.; Nerlich, B. From carbon markets to carbon morality: Creative compounds as framing devices in online discourses on climate change mitigation. Sci. Commun. 2010, 32, 25–54, doi:10.1177/1075547009340421.
Wibeck, V. Images of environmental management: Competing metaphors in focus group discussions of Swedish environmental quality objectives. Environ. Manag. 2012, 49, 776–787, doi:10.1007/s00267-012-9816-7.
Neset, T.-S.; Wibeck, V.; Uhrqvist, O.; Johansson, J. Visualizing Climate Change: The Potential of Dome Presentations as a Tool for Climate Communication. In Proceedings of the Eurographics 2010, Norrk？ping, Sweden, 3–7 May 2010; pp. 31–35.
Maibach, E.W.; Leiserowitz, A.; Roser-Renouf, C.; Mertz, C.K. Identifying like-minded audiences for global warming public engagement campaigns: An audience segmentation analysis and tool development. PLoS One 2011, 6, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0017571.