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LRS Bianchi Type-I Dark Energy Cosmological Models in General Scalar Tensor Theory of Gravitation

DOI: 10.1155/2013/174741

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Locally rotationally symmetric (LRS) Bianchi type-I dark energy cosmological model with variable equation of state (EoS) parameter in (Nordtvedt 1970) general scalar tensor theory of gravitation with the help of a special case proposed by (Schwinger 1970) is obtained. It is observed that these anisotropic and isotropic dark energy cosmological models always represent an accelerated universe and are consistent with the recent observations of type-Ia supernovae. Some important features of the models, thus obtained, have been discussed. 1. Introduction Nordtvedt [1] proposed a general class of scalar tensor gravitational theories in which the parameter of the Brans-Dicke (BD) theory is allowed to be an arbitrary (positive definite) function of the scalar field ( ). Considering the static spherically symmetric solution for a point mass source, Nordtvedt [1] found a variety of experimental consequences of , including a contribution to the rate of precession of Mercury’s perihelion. Several investigations have been made in higher dimensional cosmology in the framework of different scalar tensor theories of gravitation. Barker [2], Ruban and Finkelstein [3], Banerjee and Santos [4, 5], and Shanti and Rao [6, 7] are some of the authors who have investigated several aspects of the Nordtvedt general scalar tensor theory in four dimensions. Rao and Sreedevi Kumari [8] have discussed a cosmological model with negative constant deceleration parameter in a general scalar tensor theory of gravitation. Rao et al. [9] have obtained the Kaluza-Klein radiating model in a general scalar tensor theory of gravitation. Rao et al. [10] have discussed LRS Bianchi type-I dark energy cosmological model in the Brans-Dicke theory of gravitation. Rao et al. [11] have discussed Bianchi type-II, -VIII, and -IX dark energy cosmological models in the Saez-Ballester theory of gravitation. Recently, Rao et al. [12] have obtained perfect fluid dark energy cosmological models in the Saez-Ballester and general theory of gravitation. Recently, there has been considerable interest in cosmological models with dark energy in general relativity because of the fact that our universe is currently undergoing an accelerated expansion which has been confirmed by a host of observations, such as type Ia supernovae (Reiss et al. [13]; Perlmutter et al. [14]; and Tegmark et al. [15]). Based on these observations, cosmologists have accepted the idea of dark energy, which is a fluid with negative presence making up around 70% of the present universe energy content to be responsible for this acceleration due

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