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The Arch Pattern Dermatoglyphics on the Toes of Hausa Ethnic Group of Nigeria

DOI: 10.4236/aa.2013.34033, PP. 237-239

Keywords: Arch, Pattern, Toe, Hausa, Nigeria

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Abstract:

Dermatoglyphic has found application in establishing ethnic differences (Harlich et al., 2002). The plantar Arch pattern dermatoglyhics of the Hausa ethnic group of Nigeria has not been established, and a lot of work had been done in southern Nigeria. This work attempts to look into the plantar arch patterns of the Hausas in Northern Nigeria. A cross-sectional survey of 357 subjects was collected from persons who were truly of the Hausa tribe in Nigeria. 222 of the subjects were males while 135 were females. There was a significant difference in the plantar arch pattern on both sexes as confirmed by the chi-square test. There were differences on both feet. The percentage frequency of the arch pattern on the toes was greatest on the females and on the right toe (63%). The frequency was least on females (9.9%). The frequencies were greatest on the right toes of both sexes.

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