How to effectively protect the interests and rights of individuals and how to even realize a higher-level goal, individual justice and creative property are disturbing problems in administrative investigation. However, the complexity of the problem is increased because it includes arbitrary investigation and compulsory investigation. The specialness of the problem can be discovered through the clarity of administrative investigations on the attribution of concrete administrative acts. There is another effective method, namely the procedure standard reflecting the self-discipline principle except the mainstream method of right-control (i.e. judicial review). It is a combination of self-discipline with right-control, and may be one of the methods keeping pace with judicial review to realize the above-mentioned goal.
Zhu, M. (2006). Discretionary standards system of “Japanese Administrative Procedure Law”—As the internal composition of procedural legitimacy security device. Journal of the East China University of Politics & Law, 1, 73-79.