The purpose of this paper is to discuss the
perspectives of the use of traditional knowledge in national socio-economic development in general and in the development of local communities of aboriginal
nations of Siberia in particular. This study aims to analyze the traditional
economic activity with the help of the questionnaire of 1500 respondents (from
different ethnic groups) in different parts of the Siberian region—Khakasia.
The results of empirical research have shown that in Khakas communities
traditional kinds of activity are extended and they are of great importance for
people as earlier. The comparative analysis of labor productivity in animal
husbandry and wildlife management allows to draw a conclusion of the positive
influence of traditional knowledge in these fields of activity. Some clusters of
traditional economic institutions of the indigenous people of Southern Siberia
have been identified such as: institutions for corporate property of land,
institutions for private property of cattle, institutions for labor mutual aid,
institutions for wandering, institutions for communal managements. The results
of evolution of traditional institutions and their current state are presented.
Even the transformed institutions are accepted by members of national
communities as earlier. Therefore they can become the effective instrument of
social and economic development of indigenous people territories. The spiraling
process of traditional knowledge of Khakas people is explained in the SECI
Model. According to the research, regarding the Khakas community, the
management process of knowledge has to include three types of economic agents:
local government authorities, entrepreneurs, members of Khakas community. Three
strategies to manage the traditional knowledge are recommended such
as: animal husbandry development, commercialization of traditional wildlife management,
realization of a state policy taking into consideration the existence of traditional
institutions. The research demonstrates the traditional knowledge may be the
factor of economic increase and social development for local society. Moreover,
it is a national heritage and it needs to be managed.
J. Xu, E. T. Ma, D. Tashi, et al., “Integrating Sacred Knowledge for Conservation: Cultures and Landscapes in Southwest China,” Ecology and Society, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2005, p. 7. www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol10/iss2/art7/
P. Yodmongkon and N. Chakpitak, “Applying Intellectual Capital Process Model for Creating a Defensive Protection System to Local Traditional Knowledge: The Case of Meahiya Community,” Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 7, No. 4, 2010, pp. 517-534.