insects have been used as food due to their availability and easiness in
raising that is much less burdensome for environment than animal husbandry
breeding. Mealworm (Tenebrio molitor L.) is a store-pest of which larvae are consumed by people. The aim of the work
was to determine the nutritional value of larvae of mealworm (Tenebrio molitor L.). The material was a
three-month-old mealworm larva 25 -30 mmin length. Larvae were boiled for 3 min and next dried in 60℃. Contents of water, ash,
minerals, protein, fat and fat acids profile have been determined. Fresh larvae
contained 56% of water, 18% of total protein, 22% of total fat and 1.55% of
ash. High contents of minerals were found in the larvae: magnesium (87.5
mg/100g), zinc (4.2 mg/100g), iron (3.8 mg/100g), copper (0.78 mg/100g) and
manganese (0.44 mg/100g). The proportion of n-6/n-3 fatty acids was very
advantageous and amounted to 6.76. Larvae powder contained twice higher content
of protein, fat, ash and minerals. Larva of mealworm is a valuable source of
nutrients in amounts more profitable for human organism than traditional meat
food. Powdered larva is a high-grade product to be applied as a supplement to
Schiefenhövel, W. and Blum, P. (2009) Insects: Forgotten and rediscovered as ford. Entomophagy among the Eipo, highlands of West New Guinea, and in other traditional societies. In: MacClancy, J., Henry, J. and Macbeth, H., Eds., Consuming the Inedible, Berghaghn Books, New York, 163-176.
Johnson, D.V. (2010) The contribution of edible forest insects to human nutrition and forest management. In: Forest Insects as Food: Humans Bite Back, FAO of the United Nations Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, 5-22.
Durst, P.B. and Shono, K. (2010) Edible forest insects: Exploring new horizons and tradicional practices. In: Forest Insects as Food: Humans Bite Back, FAO of the United Nations Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, 1-4.
Premalatha, M., Abbasi, T., Abbasi, T. and Abbasi, S.A. (2011) Energy-efficient food production to reduce global warming and ecodegradation: The use edible insects. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15, 4357-4360.
Bergeron, D., Bushway, R.J., Roberts, F.L., Kornfield, I., Okedi, J. and Bushway, A.A. (1988) The nutrient composition of an insect flour sample from Lake Victoria, Uganda. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 1, 371-377. doi:10.1016/0889-1575(88)90038-5
Chen, X. M., Feng, Y., Zhang, H. and Chen, Z.Y. (2010) Review of the nutritive value of edible insects. In: Forest Insects as Food: Humans Bite Back, FAO of the United Nations Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, 85-92.
Aguilar-Miranda, E.D., Lopez, M.G., Escamilla-Santana, C. and De La Rosa B.A.P. (2002) Characteristics of maize flour tortilla supplemented with ground Tenebrio molitor Larvae. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 50, 192-195. doi:10.1021/jf010691y
Pereira, N.R., Ferrarese-Filho, O., Matsushita, M. and de Souza, N.E. (2003) Proximate composition and fatty acid profile of Bombyx mori L. chrysalis toast. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 16, 451-457.
Ramos-Elorduy, J., Piano, J.M., Escamillia, E.P., Perez, J.O., Lagunez, J.O. and de G. Ladron, O. (1997) Nutritional value of edible insects from the state of Oaxaca, Mexico. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 10, 142-157. doi:10.1006/jfca.1997.0530
Kralik, G., Marieta, V., Suchy, P. and Straková, E. (2010) Effects of dietary supplementation with rapeseed and linseed oil on the composition of fatty acids in porcine muscle tissue. Acta Veterinaria Brno, 79, 363-367.
Domiszewski, Z., Bienkiewicz, G. and Plust, D. (2011) Effects of different heat reatments on lipid quality of striped catfish (Pangasius Hypophthalmus). Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Technologia Alimentaria, 10, 359-373.