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Squamous Differentiation and Cytokeratin Expression in an Osteosarcoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Keywords: osteosarcoma , cytokeratin , squamous differentiation

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Abstract:

Cytokeratin expression has been documented in a variety of sarcomas including synovial sarcomas, epithelioid sarcomas, Ewing’s sarcomas and, rarely, osteosarcomas. In osteosarcomas immunohistochemically shown to expression cytokeratins, a component of epithelioid cells is generally present. These epithelioid cytokeratin positive cells raise the possibility of metastatic disease with prognostic and therapeutic implications differing from primary osteosarcoma. The cytokeratin-expressing cells of the cases reported in the literature have not shown definitive squamous differentiation with keratin pearl formation. We report a case of osteosarcoma in which islands of malignant squamous cells were present showing keratin pearl formation and expression of cytokeratins.

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