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PHYSIOCHEMICAL AND CYTOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SYNOVIAL FLUID IN THE CARPAL JOINT OF MIXED-BREED GOATS CARACTERíSTICAS FíSICO-QUíMICAS E CITOLóGICAS DO LíQUIDO SINOVIAL DA ARTICULA O DO CARPO DE CAPRINOS MESTI OS

Keywords: clínica médica veterinária , patologia clínica

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Abstract:

The carpal joint in goats is subject to diseases such as caprine arthritis encephalitis, leading to pain and a reduction in movement. Due to the scarce records of normal parameters, the aim of the present study was to assess the physiochemical and cytological make up of the synovial fluid in the carpal joint of 44 mixed-breed goat without joint disease. The following physiochemical characteristics were assessed: volume (0.94mL ± 0.26 mL), color (colorless to yellow), turbidity (46.50% were limpid), mucin precipitation (firm coagulant in limpid solution) and concentration of total proteins (1.95 ± 0.87 mg/dL). Cytological assessment consisted of global and differential leukocyte counts. The mean global count was 48.02 ± 24.47 cells/μL. The differential count was 25.07 ± 15.86 lymphocytes/μL and 16.31 ± 12.63 large mononucleated cells/μL. It is suggested that the parameter values obtained in the present study may be considered normal for synovial fluid in the carpal joint of adult mixed-breed goats. KEY WORDS: Carpus, goat, joint, synovia. A articula o do carpo dos caprinos é alvo de enfermidades, como a artrite-encefalite caprina, levando à dor e à redu o dos movimentos. Devido à falta de registro de parametros normais, este estudo avaliou a constitui o físico-química e citológica do líquido sinovial da articula o do carpo de 44 caprinos sem ra a definida, que n o apresentavam doen a articular. Os parametros físico-químicos avaliados foram volume (0,94 mL ± 0,26 mL), cor (incolor a amarelo), turbidez (46,50% apresentaram-se límpidas), precipitado de mucina (coágulo firme em solu o límpida) e concentra o de proteínas (1,95 ± 0,87 mg/dL). Os dados citológicos corresponderam às contagens global e diferencial de leucócitos. A contagem global média encontrada foi de 48,02 ± 24,47 células/μL e contagem diferencial com 25,07 ± 15,86 linfócitos/μL e 16,31 ± 12,63 grandes células mononucleadas/μL. Sugere-se que os valores obtidos nesta pesquisa sejam considerados parametros normais para o líquido sinovial do carpo de caprinos adultos sem ra a definida. PALAVRAS-CHAVES: Articula o, caprino, carpo, sinóvia.

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