The discovery of the Dead Sea scrolls is one of the most important archaeological discoveries of the last century. They are essential to understand Second Temple Judaism, and the roots of Christianity. The texts found in Khirbet Qumran have caused great controversy since they were found in the late forties. This article looks for demystify the “black legend” among them with the clear statement of the facts and theories with more admission for the scholars. Besides, it can not be forgotten the fact that recently the scrolls have been digitalized in a common project between the Israel Museum and Google, allowing everybody to see one of the most important treasures from Ancient World.