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Fokker-Planck equation with memory: the cross over from ballistic to diffusive processes in many particle systems and incompressible media

Keywords: non-Markovian processes , fractional diffusion , ballistic effects

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Abstract:

The unified description of diffusion processes that cross over from a ballistic behavior at short times to normal or anomalous diffusion (sub- or superdiffusion) at longer times is constructed on the basis of a non-Markovian generalization of the Fokker-Planck equation. The necessary non- Markovian kinetic coefficients are determined by the observable quantities (mean- and mean square displacements). Solutions of the non-Markovian equation describing diffusive processes in the physical space are obtained. For long times these solutions agree with the predictions of continuous random walk theory; they are however much superior at shorter times when the effect of the ballistic behavior is crucial.

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