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19.YüZYILIN 80-90’LI YILLARINDA GüNEY KAFKASYA’NIN ETNOGRAF K HAR TASI (KARS VE D ER B LGELER) / THE ETHNOGRAPHIC MAP OF THE SOUTH CAUCASUS, INCLUDING KARS IN THE 80-90S OF THE XIX CENTURY

Keywords: Kars province , the South Caucasus , Nogays , the State Military-Historical Archive of Russia , the ethnographic map.

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Abstract:

(Rusya Devlet Askeri – Tarih Ar ivinin Belgelerine Dayanarak)Memmedova rade Malik k z zetMakalede Rusya Devlet Askeri – Tarih Ar ivinin 414 fonunda korunan mparator Rus Co rafya Derne inin Kafkasya ubesinin y neticisi Y.Kondratenko taraf ndan düzenlenmi , Kars da olmak üzere Güney Kafkasya’n n guberniya1 ve vilayetlerinin etnografik haritalar ara t r lm t r. Taraf m zdan ara t r lan ve 9 haritadan olu an bu belge 19.yüzy l n 80 – 90’l y llar nda Kars’ da kapsamakla Güney Kafkasya’da ya ayan halklar n etnik i eri i ve nüfusuna ait bilgiler veriyor. Güney Kafkasya’da 730860 erkek ve 575446 kad n olmakla, genel olarak 1306306 Türk ya yordu ki bunun da 1139659’unu Azerbaycan Türkleri, 70226’s n Türkler, 8893’ünü Türkmenler, 24134’ünü Karakalpaklar, 2556’s n Nogaylar, 60838’ini Kumuklar olu turmaktayd . Kars Vilayetinin Daire, Polis Sahalar ve K ylerinin S n rlar Belirtilmekle Haritas Kars ili halk n n etnik, dini ve nüfusunun renilmesi a s ndan ok de erlidir.19.yüzy l n ba lar na g re yüzy l n sonlar na Rusya mparatorlu unun Hristiyanla t rma politikas sonucu Güney Kafkasya’da Hristiyan nüfus yapay olarak o alm t . Fakat tüm bunlara ra men 19.yüzy l n sonlar nda Güney Kafkasya’da yine de Müslümanlar ( zellikle de Türk halklar ) o ulu olu turmaktayd .AbstractIn the article were researched ethnographic maps of provinces and districts of the South Caucasus, including the Kars province, compiled by the business manager of the department of the Imperial Geographical Society of Russia Y.Kondratenko kept in 414 funds of State Military-Historical Archive of Russia. This document consisting of 9 maps provides valuable information about the number and ethnic content of peoples living in the South Caucasus, including Kars in 80-90s of the XIX century. Altogether 1306306 Turks were living in South Caucasus that 730860 were men and 575446 women out of which 1139659 people were Azerbaijani Turks, 70226 were the Turks, 8893 Turkmens, 24134 were Qarapapaqlis, 2556 were Nogays, 60838 people were Kumyks. “The map of Kars province providing the district, police areas and the boundaries of village communities” is valuable in terms of studying the ethnic, religious and number composition of the people of Kars area. Due to the Russian Empire’s Christianization policy at end of the XIX century the number of Christian population in the South Caucasus was artificially increased than in the beginning of the century. However, at the end of the XIX century again Muslims (especially the Turkic peoples) were predominant in the South Caucasus.

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