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D NEM N RLER NDEN RNEKLERLE C H L YE ARAPLARINDA AHLAK / MORALITY IN ARABS OF JAHILIYYAH WITH SAMPLES FROM JAHILIYYAH POETRY

Keywords: iir , Ahlak , Cahiliyye , Arap

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Abstract:

Bu makale, slam ncesi d nemde Araplar n ahlak zelliklerini konu etmekte, Cahiliye iiri ve atas zlerinden rneklerle onlar n iyi ve k tü davran zelliklerinden kesitler sunmaktad r. slam ncesindeki hayatlar na dair anlat lanlarda genellikle putlara tapmalar , k z ocuklar n diri diri topra a g mmeleri, i ki i ip fuhu yapmalar yo un olarak vurgulanm olsa da üphesiz Cahiliye Araplar brahim gelene e büyük sayg duyuyorlar ve hayat n her alan nda bu gelenekten baz izler ta yorlard . Bu makalede s z konusu d nemde Araplar aras nda “mür e” (mürüvvet) kavram yla ifade edilen ahde vefa, c mertlik, misafirperverlik, yoksullara yard m, cesaret, yi itlik gibi baz erdemlerin yayg n oldu undan s zedilmekte, ancak bunlar n alt ndayatan saikin keskin bir “ eref” duygusu oldu u ve zellikle ki i ve kabile erefinin, d nemin ahlak zihniyetini belirleyen en nemli etkenler oldu u vurgulanmaktad r.This article focuses on moral characteristics of pre-Islamic era Arabs and presents examples of their both positive and negative behavioral features with examples from Jahiliyyah poetry and proverbs. They are usually depicted as idolatrous, adulterous, alcoholic, atrocious people, who bury their daughters alive, but Jahiliyyah Arabs certainly had great respect for Abrahamic tradition and they bore the traces of this tradition at every aspect of their life. At that era, they used the term “mür e” or “mürüvvet” (magnanimity) for virtues like generosity, benevolence, hospitality, bravery, chivalry and helping the poor. This article emphasizes that the main incentive behind these virtues is a strong sense of “honor”, and states that individual and tribal sense of honor is the most prominent factor that determines the moral sentiment of the era.

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