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YAHUD M ST S ZM N N TEMEL ZELL KLER VE GEL M / JEWISH MYSTICISM BASIC NOTIONS AND DEVELOPMENT

Keywords: Yahudilik , Mistisizm , Geli im , Judaism , Mysticism , Development

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Abstract:

Yahudi mistisizmi M. . 400’lerde ba layarak günümüze kadar gelen bir Yahudilik yorumudur. Geleneksel Yahudilik’ten farkl birtak m zellikleri vard r. En temel kavramlar Sefirot doktirini, mesihin geli inin abukla t r lmas ve tanr ile mistik birle me tecrübeleridir. Genel olarak Kabalac l k diye bilinir.Geli im süreci be ayr d neme ayr l r. En erken d nem M. .400 c var nda ba lar, M.S.200’lere kadar devam eder. Bask n bir ran ve Gnostisizmi etkisi ta r. kinci d nem Merkabah mistisizmi diye bilinen süre tir. Yeni Platonculu un ve slam tasavvufunun etkisi vard r, M.S.binlere kadar devam eder. ü üncü d nem Teosofik d nem diye bilinir ve yakla k 16.yüzy la kadar sürer. D rdüncü d nem Safed kabalac l ad n ta r. Son d nem 18.yüzy lda ba layan ve mistsizmin zirvesine vard Hasidik gelene i taraf ndan temsil edilir.Jewish mysticism is a mystical understanding of mainstream Judaism begining from the fourth century B.C. It has different notions from the traditional judaism. One of the most important aspects of the mystical judaism is the Sephirot fiction which means process of creation. Second one deals with coming of Messiah, and other mystical union with God. It is known as Kabbalah. Historical development of this movement can be divided into five periods. First period, first century is developed under Persian influence and early Gnostisizm. Second, begins third century A.D. and arrives in around 11th. century. We call this period Merkabah mysticism. Third is Theosophistic Kabbalah, from 11th. century to 16th. century. Fourth one is Lurianic Kabbalah until 18th. century and last one Hasidic mysticism.

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