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YEN B R RGüTLENME B M OLARAK SANAL CEMAATLER / VIRTUAL COMMUNITIES AS A NEW FORM OF ORGANIZATION

Keywords: nternet , Cemaat , Sanal Cemaatler , Community , Virtual Community

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Abstract:

Son y llarda yeni bir sosyal alan haline gelen internet, birey ve sosyal organizasyonlara zaman ve mekandan ba ms z bir ileti im ortam sunmaya ba lam t r. Bu durum birey ve sosyal organizasyonlar n internet ortam nda rgütlenmesine yol a m ve sanal cemaat yap s n ortaya karm t r. Bu ba lamda makalede, sanal cemaatlerin anla lmas amac yla ncelikle geleneksel cemaat kavram üzerinde durulacakt r. Buna ba l olarak da insanlar n ortak de er ve dü üncelerini payla malar na imkan sa lamalar noktas nda sanal cemaatler ele al nacakt r. Bu yeni topluluklar n ortaya k yla birlikte geleneksel cemaat yap lar n n nas l ve hangi ko ullarda sanal ortama transfer olduklar da ele al nacakt r. Buradan hareketle sanal cemaatlerin geleneksel cemaatlerden farkl l klar ve benzerlikleri ortaya konmaya al lacakt r.In recent years, the internet that has become a social environment has commenced to offer a communicative space which is independent from space and time to individuals and social organizations. This circumstance has led individuals and social organizations to organize in the internet milieu and to the emergence of the structure of virtual communities. In this sense, the concept of traditional community will be emphasized in order to make virtual communities understandable in the article. Accordingly, virtual communities will be scrutinized within the framework of how they have provided opportunities to people to share their common values and thoughts. The transfers of the structures of traditional communities to cyberspace with the emergence of these new communities will be also examined. Thus, the different aspects of virtual communities from traditional communities will be revealed.

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