The crystal structure of ethyl 7-hydroxy-2-oxo-2H-chromene-3-carboxylate monohydrate (1), C12H10O5.H2O, was established by X-ray crystallographic analysis. The molecule of the title compound is essentially planar except for the carboxylate substituent group. The crystal packing supramolecular array arises from hydrogen bonds and intermolecular C-H - O=C contacts of the organic molecules and solvent water molecules, with graph-set descriptor R24 (8), R21 (6), R(4)4 ( 20) and C (5) motifs. The water molecules are involved as donors and acceptors. The hydrogen bond and intermolecular interaction network is reinforced by stacking of the sheet through p-p interactions.