All Title Author
Keywords Abstract


西南农牧区生存性碳排放特征与实例论证—以云南省兰坪县和香格里拉县为例
Empirical Study and Characteristics of Survival Carbon Emission of Household in Southwest Agro-Pastoral Area of China

DOI: 10.12677/JLCE.2013.21009, PP. 57-62

Keywords: 生存性碳排放;西南农牧区;兰坪县、香格里拉县;特征
Survival Carbon Emission
, Southwest Agro-Pastoral Area, Lanping and Shangri-La County, Characteristic

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

随着社会经济的发展,家庭生活用能是大气中温室气体CO2重要来源之一。通过介绍世界各国对大气中温室气体排放的历史累计及现状诠释家庭生存性碳排放的概念而且对家庭消费的碳排放进行计算和分析可以反映不同地区因社会经济发展水平不同,其碳排放的本质特征特别是我国是一个多民族的国家,南北方自然人文环境差别大本文以我国云南省的兰坪县和香格里拉县为例,结合实地考察和问卷调查,提出家庭生存碳排放评估的意义和指标体系,计算农牧区人均能源消耗碳排放量和食品消费碳排放量。研究结果表明:在能源方面,主要是以生物质燃料和电能,特别是对薪柴的使用高达98.76%;在食物方面,人均食物消费碳排放总量为76.52 kg,以粮食消费占主导,占食物总消费量的81.30%。该区农牧民人均食物消费碳排放只是美国的50.42%,加拿大的56.19%,日本的78.76%,属于基本生存线碳排放。
With the development of society and economy, household energy consumption is one of the important resources for CO2 emissions. Through the introduction of the world’s historical emissions and present situation to the atmosphere, this paper explained the concept of household survival carbon emission. And then calculating and analyzing the household consumption of carbon emissions, it could reflect the nature of its carbon emission, due to the difference of area social economic development level. Taking Lanping county and Shangri-la countyofYunnanprovince as examples,

References

[1]  2007及国家气候中心. 人类减缓气候变化的途径和前景[J]. 环境保护, 2007, 6: 34-35.
[2]  International Energy Agency. CO2 emissions from fuel combustion. Paris: OECD, 2009.
[3]  R. Reinvang, G. Peters. Norwegian consumption, Chinese pollution. An example of how OECD imports generate CO2 emissions in developing countries. Beijing: WWF China Pro- gramme Office, 2008,
[4]  L. Christopher, H. Weber and S. Matthews. Quantifying the global and distributional aspects of American household carbon footprint. Ecological Economics, 2008, 66(2-3): 378-391.
[5]  W. Biesiot, K. J. Noorman. Energy requirements of household consumption:A case study of the Netherlands. Ecological Economics, 1999, 28(3): 367-383.
[6]  Y.-M. Wei, L.-C. Liu, Y. Fan, et al. The impact of lifestyle on energy and CO2 emission: An empirical analysis of China’s residents. Energy Policy, 2007, 35(1): 247-257.
[7]  马丽, 夏建新. 南北方农牧区农村生活能源利用现状及对策分析[J]. 可再生能源, 2010, 28(4): 112-117.
[8]  云南省统计局. 云南省统计年鉴2010[M]. 北京: 中国统计出版社, 2010.
[9]  邓可蕴, 贺亮. 我国农村地区能源形势分析[J]. 中国工程科学, 2000, 2(6): 52-58.
[10]  A. Tukker, B. Jansen. Environmental impacts of products. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 2006, 10(3): 159-182.
[11]  吴幼玲. 我国进出口商品中内涵能源的行业结构分析[D]. 厦门: 厦门大学, 2009.
[12]  Y. Wang, M. J. Shi. CO2 emission induced by urban household consumption in China. Chinese Population, Resources and Environment, 2009, 7(3): 11-19.
[13]  ORNL. Estimate of CO2 emission from fossil fuel burning and cement manufacturing. ORNL/CDIAC-25. Oak Ridge: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1990.
[14]  张仁健, 王明星, 李晶等. 中国甲烷排放限值[J]. 气候与环境研究, 1999, 4(2): 195-202.
[15]  何介南, 康文星. 湖南省化石燃料和工业过程碳排放的估算[J]. 中南林业科技大学学报, 2008, 28(5): 52-58.
[16]  W. Luo, F. Y. Zhai, S. G. Jin, et al. The intra-household food distribution in Chinese adult and its determinants. Acta Nutrimenta Sinica, 2001, 23(4): 358-362.
[17]  上海市统计局. 上海市统计年鉴2007[M]. 北京: 中国统计出版社, 2007.
[18]  杨继涛. 滇西北老君山地区农村能源及产业发展研究[D]. 郑州: 河南农业大学, 2004.

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus