In this paper there has been elaborated an analysis of distribution of arable and agricultural land on the territory of Goc and its foothill, then the distribution and density of agricultural population that live on its territory. The analysis refers to the end of the 20th and beginning of the 21st century. Special attention is given to active agricultural population. The received results show that the number of agricultural population has been decreasing. The importance of the paper is in the fact that it will enrich the knowledge about the population and settlements of the Goc Mountain and the West Morava valley.