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Analysis and Assessment of Flora and Fauna in the Southern Part of Albania

Keywords: flora and fauna , earth ecosystem , social and economic needs

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Abstract:

The forest flora is the most marvellous wreath and ornament of the earth ecosystem in the region of Gjirokastra. It is the greatest earthbound potential because it protects the ground and the water, it improves the microclimate, it protects the agricultural crops, it favours tourism, hunting and re-creation activities. It charms the environment after all. The ecosystem of Gjirokastra region has been changing a lot for the last 50 years as a result of wide historical, socio-economic, political and demographical factors, which in return have helped in its latest physiognomy. The fulfilment of social and economic needs of the community should be realized within the product boundary of forest ecosystem and the protection of their biological potential. The multifunctional, sustainable and integrated use of forests is exceptionally necessary; the forests are the only biotype, able to realize the dynamic development of ecosystem, which actually is exposed to danger. The existence of original and untrodden forests is of a great importance.

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