In each economy infrastructure operates as a relatively independent subsystem that creates the basis for the development of other economic activities. At the same time it is an important element of the environment in rural areas. The state of the regional infrastructure of an area is an important part of its resources and development potential. It is proved that the localizing role of this transport corridor in relation to the other infrastructure elements had a strong influence on the spatial location of population and depopulation processes that occurred in rural areas. Based on these understandings we made an analysis of the current state of social infrastructure in rural areas, through which an international transport corridor passes. Hence, the infrastructure development in accordance with the necessities is an essential condition and further stimulator for sectoral and territorial concentration and specialization of the rural economy.