The Hydrochemical study was carried out in Dwarakeswar watershed area, Bankura and Purulia districts, West Bengal, India, with an objective of understanding the suitability of local groundwater quality for domestic and irrigation purposes. Groundwater samples have been collected from different villages within Dwarakeswar watershed area. The samples have been analysed to determine physical parameters like pH, EC, TDS and Hardness, the chemical parameters like Na, K, Ca, Fe, HCO3, SO4 and Cl. From the analysed data, some parameters like Sodium Absorption Ratio (SAR), Soluble Sodium Percentage (SSP), Residual Sodium Carbonate (RSC), Total Hardness (TH), Magnesium Absorption Ration (MAR) and Kelly’s Ratio (KR) have also been determined.The distribution pattern of TDS and chlorides, which are the general indicators of groundwater quality reveals that on an average the ground water is fresh and potable except the ground water in and around Teghari, Gara and Satyatan Primary school where the groundwater is not potable and may affect the health of local population because concentration of TDS exceeds the desirable limits of 500 mg/L. The aerial distribution of Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) reveals that highest concentration is recorded at Gara and Teghri and the lowest concentrations is noted in Suburdih and Kalabani. SAR values were ranged between 0.09-0.54 meq/L in pre monsoon and 0.01-0.24meq/L in post-monsoon. It is evident from the whole sample set that the SAR value is excellent in all the samples. Hence, our findings strongly suggest that all the abstracted groundwater samples from the study area were suitable for irrigation. Results of analyses for physical and chemical parameters of groundwater in this area was found to be within the desirable Bureau of Indian Standards and World Health Organisation limits for drinking water.
R. J. Gillison and C. R. Patmont, “Lake Phosphorus Loading from Septic Systems by Seasonally Perched Groundwater,” Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, Vol. 55, No. 10, 1983, pp. 1297-1304.
A. K. Banerji, “Importance of Evolving a Management Plan for Groundwater Development in the Calcutta Region of the Bengal Basin in Eastern India,” Proceedings of International Symposium Groundwater Resources and Planning, Koblent, 28 August-3 September 1983, pp. 4554.
S. Ramachandra, A. Narayanan and N. V. Pundarikathan, “Nitrate and Pesticide Concentrations in Groundwater of Cultivated Areas in North Madras,” Indian Journal of Environmental Health, Vol. 33, No. 4, 1991. pp. 421-424.
R. K. Somashekar, V. Rameshaiah and A. Chethana Suvarna, “Groundwater Chemistry of Channapatna Taluk (Bangalore Rural District)—Regression and Cluster Analysis,” Journal of Environment and Pollution, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2000, pp. 101109.
K. P. Singh, “Environmental Effects of Industrialization of Groundwater Resources: A Case Study of Ludhaina Area, Punjab, India,” Proceedings of international Symphony on Soil, Geology and Landform-Impact of Land Uses in Developing Countries, Bangkok, 1982, pp. E6.1E6.7.
L. Elango and S Manickam, “Hydrogeochemistry of the Madras Aquifer, India—Spatial and Temporal Variation in Chemical Quality of Groundwater,” Geological Society of Hong Kong Bulletin, No. 3, 1987, pp. 525-534.
R. Ramesh, “Groundwater Quality Management: Pollution Perspectives Impacts of Urban Growth on Surface Water and Groundwater Quality,” Proceedings of IUGG 99 Symposium HS5, Birmingham, July 1999, pp. 47-55.
N. Rajmohan, L. Elango, S. Ramachandran and M. Natrajan, “Major Ion Correlation in Groundwater of Kancheepuram Region, South India,” Indian Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2000, pp. 188-193.
L. Elango, R. Kannan and M. Senthilkumar, “Major Ion Chemistry and Identification of Hydrogeochemical Processes of Groundwater in a Part of Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India,” Environmental Geosciences, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2003, pp. 1-10.
M. Detay, P. Poyet, Y. Emsellem, A. Bernardi and G. Aubrac, “Development of the Saprolite Reservoir and Its State of Saturation: Influence on the Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Drillings in Crystalline Basement (in French),” Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Série II, Vol. 309, 1989, pp. 429-436.
R. Taylor and K. Howard, “A Tectono–Geomorphic Model of the Hydrogeology of Deeply Weathered Crystalline Rock: Evidence from Uganda,” Hydrogeology, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2000, pp. 279-294.
R. Wyns, J. M. Baltassat, P. Lachassagne, A. Legchenko, J. Vairon and F. Mathieu, “Application of SNMR Soundings for Groundwater Reserves Mapping in Weathered Basement Rocks (Brittany, France),” Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, Vol. 175, No. 1, 2004, pp. 21-34. doi:10.2113/175.1.21
A. Garrels, “Survey of Low Temperature Water Mineral Relations in Interpretation of Environmental Isotope and Hydrogeochemical Data in Groundwater Hydrology,” International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1976.
A. Navarro and M. E. Camonal, “Evaluation of Groundwater Contamination Beneath an Urban Environment: The Beso’s River Basin (Barcelona, Spain),” Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 85, No. 2, 2007, pp. 259-269. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2006.08.021