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Methodology of Business Risk Analysis and its Practical Application in the Enterprises Working in the Global Market

Keywords: risk , risk analysis , risk management , risk analysis methods , stages of risk analysis process

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Abstract:

One of the most important aspects which guarantees successful work of a company, i.e. risk analysis is consid-ered. The exploration of risk analysis is essential both theoretically and practically as it reduces the risk of loss, venturesome dealings and harm for a company’s good will. The shortage of both theoretical and practical knowledge about risk, processes of risk analysis and its stages prevent companies from business development both locally and internationally.The exploration of this field is even more relevant because there is no clear and unanimous concept of risk analysis which would be accepted both by scientists and business environment. At present, the conception of risk analysis of authorities, various institutions and foreign and Lithuanian scientist differs greatly.Risk analysis is distinguished by the variety of meth-ods, their complexity and lengthening time of their im-plementation. The classification of methods may also vary greatly whereas reasons (advantages and disadvan-tages) for such classification are explained differently by scientists. Meanwhile, companies face real practical problem how to choose a method which could be the most appropriate and conforming to company’s financial pos-sibilities.The perception that risk analysis is a very complex and responsible process during which risk should be identified, assessed, analyzed and estimated, i.e. to man-age, encourage companies to assign this process for pro-fessionals, i.e. specialized companies of risk analysis, the launching of which increased as there was the gap in the market in this field.The aim of the article is to work out the methodology of risk analysis and to compare the stages of risk analysis process used by Lithuanian risk management analysis companies.Having performed the analysis of scientific literature and summarized various approaches, risk analysis as a constituent part of risk management concept is presented, method groups and types of risk analysis, stages of indi-vidual method processes are discerned as well as advan-tages and disadvantages of qualitative and quantitative risk analysis methods are explored. Having systemized different viewpoints of authors, four main stages of risk analysis process were distinguished: organizational in-vestigation, identification, estimation and evaluation. Business companies are recommended to use a resump-tive model of risk analysis process in the context of risk management process.The investigation is conducted using the data of three Lithuanian companies: SC Compservis, PriceWater-HouseCoopers/Lietuva and SC Syner

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