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PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND THE EVALUATION OF THE ANTIOXIDANT, TOTAL PHONELIC CONTENT AND ANALGESIC PROPERTIES OF THE PLANT PANDANUS FOETIDUS (FAMILY: PANDANACEAE)

Keywords: Pandanus foetidus , phytochemical screening , DPPH , writhing inhibition.

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Abstract:

Pandanus foetidus is an important medicinal plant having widespread application in a variety of disorders. The aim of this study was the phytochemical investigation and evaluation of the anti-oxidant, total phenolic content and analgesic activities of the whole plant Pandanus foetidus. Phytochemical screening of the ethanolic extract of Pandanus foetidus ensured the presence of carbohydrates, glycosides, alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids and steroids. The anti-oxidant activity was measured by DPPH free radical scavenging activity (IC50=48 μg/ml). The plant Pandanus foetidus shows total phenolic content test due to the presence of reducing sugar, tannins and flavonoids.The crude ethanolic extract of the tubers of Pandanus foetidus exhibited significant analgesic activity at a dose of 250 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg with 71.15% and 80.77 % inhibition of writhing respectively.

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