Introduction: The genus Bupleurum is perennial rhizomatous herbs, recognized by simple leaves,conspicuous bracts and bractlets, often shows a great deal of variation in morphological characteristics. The genus is well developed in temperate and alpine zones of Kashmir Himalayas and other lesser Himalayan ranges of Jammu and Kashmir State. A key to the species, brief description, flowering and fruiting periods are given. The approximate elevation, distribution of species in the region andillustrations of selected species are provided.Material and Methods: The present communication is based on the surveys conducted between 1990 and 2007. The speciemens were mounted on the herbarium sheets and studied in the laboratory with the help of floristic literature.Results: As many as 10 species of genus Bupleurum have been recognized, from the different climaticzones of outer hills of Kashmir Himalayas of Jammu and Kashmir State.Conclusion: The report is first of its kind being communicated from the State of Jammu and Kashmir. Ten species of Bupleurum are described.