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Chemical Compositions and Antioxidant Activities of 16 Wild Edible Mushroom Species Grown in Anatolia

Keywords: Antioxidant activity , chemical content , edible wild mushroom , Anatolia

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Abstract:

In this study, chemical compositions and antioxidant activities of 16 wild edible mushrooms (Agrocybe cylindracea, Amanita ceciliae, Armillaria mellea, Boletus reticulatus, Cantharellus cibarius, Chlorophyllum rhacodes, Coprinus comatus, Flammulina velutipes var. velutipes, Lactarius deliciosus, Lactarius salmonicolor, Pleurotus ostreatus, Polyporus squamosus, Rhizopogon roseolus, Russula anthracina, Suillus collinitus and Tricholoma myomyces) were investigated. Antioxidant properties of methanol extracts were studied by the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging method. Among the mushroom extract Amanita ceciliae and Pleurotus ostreatus (96.16 %) showed the most potent radical scavenging activities at 4.51 and 2.72 mg mL-1, respectively. The lowest scavenging activity was exhibited by C. rhacodes (70.46%) at 2.35 mg mL-1.

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