Rice is the staple food crop of Asian region including India. West Bengal state of India is known as bowl of rice because it constitute major food item and is being cultivated in major portion of agricultural field. India being centre of origin of rice, can boast of large number of local varieties and land races. According to an estimate, we have more than 50,000 varieties of rice. But unfortunately, most of those varieties are fast disappearing because of faulty agricultural practices. Farmers now lured by high yielding varies have confined themselves to merely fifteen such races and have stopped cultivating local varieties. Needless to mention, these varieties are of immense value in agriculture as they are treasure house of innumerable important genes as they have evolved in particular environment science millions of years. Further, HYVs are highly susceptible to diseases. Developments of disease resistant varieties are possible only with help of such genes which are available in land races only. So far, 65 rare and traditional varieties of rice have been documented and is being tried to be propagated on small farm areas. Kalamkati, Danarguri, Tulsibhog, Nagrasail, Vutmuri, Sitasail, Gobindabhog, Neta, Rupsail, Chandrakanta, Daransail, Kataribhog, Daharnagra, Badshabhog etc. are some noteworthy indigenous cultivars of rice from West Bengal. The paper deals with botanical features of some of these varieties and attempts being taken to conserve them.