全部 标题 作者
关键词 摘要


Mass balance, runoff and surges of the Bering Glacier, Alaska

DOI: 10.5194/tcd-6-5095-2012

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

The historical net, ablation and accumulation daily balances and runoff of the Bering Glacier, Alaska are determined for the 1951–2011 period with the PTAA (precipitation-temperature-area-altitude) model, using daily precipitation and temperature observations collected at the Cordova and Yakutat weather stations, together with the area-altitude distribution of the glacier. The mean annual balance for this 61-yr period is 0.6 mwe, the accumulation balance is +1.4 and the ablation balance is 2.0 mwe. Periodic surges of this glacier transport large volumes of ice to lower elevations where the ablation rate is higher, producing more negative balances and increasing runoff. During the 1993–1995 surge the average ablation balance is 3.3 mwe, over a meter greater than the 1951–2011 average. Runoff from the Bering Glacier (derived from simulated ablation and precipitation as rain) is highly correlated with the four glacier surges that have been observed since 1951. Ice volume loss for the 1972–2003 period measured with the PTAA model is 2.3 km3 we a 1 and closely agrees with losses for the same period measured with the geodetic method.

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus