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A filosofia constitucional de John Rawls e Jürgen Habermas: um debate sobre as rela es entre sistemas de justi a e sistemas de direitos

Keywords: Teorias da justi a , Sistemas de direitos , Filosofia constitucional , Pluralismo , Democracia constitucional , Theories of justice , Rights system , Constitutional philosophy , Pluralism , Constitutional democracy.

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Abstract:

Este artigo analise o debate Rawls/Habermas, especialmente no que toca às rela esque ambos estabelecem entre sistemasde justi a e sistemas de direitos. O trabalhoinicia apresentando uma possibilidade deconceitua o do que seria a chamada filosofiaconstitucional e qual as suas rela es coma teoria dos direitos e a teoria constitucional.Logo após apresenta rapidamente a obra deJohn Rawls e as críticas que Jurgen Habermaslhe formula. Finalmente, investiga qual sistemaseria mais adequado à concretiza oda democracia constitucional numa sociedademarcada pelo pluralismo.This paper analyzes the debatebetween Rawls and Habermas, especiallyabout the relationships that both establishbetween justice systems and rights systems.It begins presenting a possibility of conceptof what it would be called as constitutionalphilosophy and which were its relationshipswith the rights theory and the constitutionalone. Therefore, it presents John Rawls’s workand the critics that Jürgen Habermasformulates. Finally, it investigates whichsystem would be more appropriate to maketrue the constitutional democracy in asociety marked by pluralism.

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